Топ-100 ⓘ 1400. Year 1400 was a leap year starting on Thursday of the
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ⓘ 1400. Year 1400 was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. The year 1400 was not a leap year in the Proleptic Gregorian Calendar. ..




1400
                                     

ⓘ 1400

Year 1400 was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. The year 1400 was not a leap year in the Proleptic Gregorian Calendar.

                                     

1.1. Events January–December

  • The English occupy Edinburgh in Scotland, but fail to capture Edinburgh Castle.
  • January – Henry IV of England quells the Epiphany Rising and executes the Earls of Kent, Huntingdon and Salisbury, and the Baron le Despencer, for their attempt to have Richard II restored as king.
  • August
  • The princes of the German states vote to depose Wenceslaus as King of the Romans, due to his weak leadership and mental illnesses.
  • February 14 – The deposed Richard II of England dies by means unknown in Pontefract Castle. It is likely that King Henry IV ordered his death by starvation, to prevent further uprisings.
  • February – Henry Percy Hotspur leads English incursions into Scotland.
  • March 23 – Five-year-old Trần Thiếu Dế is forced to abdicate as ruler of Dai Viet modern-day Vietnam, in favour of his maternal grandfather and court official Hồ Quy Ly, ending the Trần Dynasty after 175 years and starting the Hồ Dynasty. Hồ Quy Ly subsequently changes the countrys name to Dai Ngu.
  • May – Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg is declared as a rival to Wenceslaus, King of the Romans. However, Frederick is murdered shortly after.
  • December – Manuel II Palaiologos becomes the only Byzantine Emperor ever to visit England.
  • August 21 – Rupert, Count Palatine of the Rhine, is elected as King of the Romans.
  • September 16 – Owain Glyndŵr is proclaimed Prince of Wales by his followers, and begins attacking English strongholds in north-east Wales.
                                     

1.2. Events Date unknown

  • Jean Froissart completes his Chronicles, detailing the events of the 14th Century in France.
  • The Mississippian culture starts to decline.
  • Timur conquers the Empire of The Black Sheep Turkomans, in present-day Azerbaijan, and the Jalayirid Dynasty in present-day Iraq. Black Sheep ruler Qara Yusuf and Jalayirid Sultan Ahmad flee, and take refuge with the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I.
  • The Haasts eagle and Moa are both driven to extinction by Māori hunters.
  • Hananchi succeeds Min as King of Hokuzan, in modern-day north Okinawa, Japan.
  • Prince Parameswara establishes the Malacca Sultanate, in present-day western Malaysia and northern Sumatra.
  • Newcastle upon Tyne is created a county corporate, by Henry IV of England.
  • Timur defeats both the Ottoman Empire and the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt, to capture the city of Damascus in present-day Syria. Much of the citys inhabitants are subsequently massacred by Timurs troops.
  • Wallachia modern-day southern Romania resists an invasion by the Ottomans.
  • The Kingdom of Kongo begins.
  • The House of Medici becomes powerful in Florence.
  • Europe is reported to have around 52 million inhabitants.
  • Battle of Aleppo 1400 during Timurs conquest of Syria
  • A Wallachian army captures Iuga, and makes Alexandru cel Bun the Prince of Moldavia.
  • In modern-day Korea, King Jeongjong of Joseon abdicates in fear of an attack by his ambitious younger brother, Taejong. Taejong succeeds to the throne.
                                     

2. Births

  • December 25 – John Sutton, 1st Baron Dudley, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland d. 1487
  • Owen Tudor, Welsh courtier d. 1461
  • James Tuchet, 5th Baron Audley d. 1459
  • January 13 – Infante John of Portugal, the Constable d. 1442
  • July 26 – Isabel le Despenser, Countess of Worcester, English noble d. 1439
  • Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, English politician d. 1460
  • date unknown
  • Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine d. 1453.
  • May 19 – John Stourton, 1st Baron Stourton, English baron d. 1462
  • Luca della Robbia, Florentine sculptor d. 1482
  • Rogier van der Weyden, Dutch painter or 1399
  • Hans Multscher, German painter and sculptor d. 1467
  • Helene Kottanner, Hungarian writer and courtier d. after 1470
  • probable – Giovanna Dandolo, Venetian dogaressa d. after 1462
  • probable – Marina Nani, Venetian dogaressa d. 1473


                                     

3. Deaths

  • January 7
  • Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey, English politician executed b. 1374
  • John Montagu, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English earl executed b. 1350
  • June 17 – Jan of Jenstejn, Archbishop of Prague b. 1348
  • date unknown – Narayana Pandit, Indian mathematician b. 1340
  • April 28 – Baldus de Ubaldis, Italian jurist b. 1327
  • April 21 – John Wittlebury, English politician b. 1333
  • December – Archibald the Grim, Scottish magnate b. 1328
  • February 14 – King Richard II of England, probably murdered b. 1367
  • November 20 – Elizabeth of Moravia, Margravine of Meissen b. 1355
  • January 16 – John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter, English politician executed
  • October 25 – Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet b. c. 1343
  • November 8 – Peter of Aragon, Aragonese infante b. 1398
  • April 23 – Aubrey de Vere, 10th Earl of Oxford, third son of John de Vere b. 1338
  • November – Tarabya of Ava b. 1368
  • June 5 – Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, rival King of the Romans
  • January 13 – Thomas le Despenser, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician executed b. 1373

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