★ The Book of Giants
The book of giants is an apocryphal Jewish Book that extends Urzeit to Endzeit narrative of the Hebrew Bible and, in its manifold developments in the divine orders, warnings, and impending doom, ties the ancient prophet Enoch closer to the generally accepted story than the story the main treatise 1 Enoch. With 1 enkov the book of watchers like Enochian scholar James C. VanderKam argues that "it stands as an attempt to explain how it was that anger had become so widespread and muscles before the flood, so it supplies also explains why God was more than justified in sending the flood". Giants discovery at Qumran dates the creation of texts before the 2nd century BC.
The book of giants is a quaint story, which was received mainly in Manichaean literature and known in Turpan. However, the earliest known traditions in the book take place in the Aramaic copies of the book of giants among the Dead sea scrolls. Mention of the giants of the mythology found in: Genesis 6:1-4, book of Enoch, jubilees, the Apocryphon of Genesis, 2 and 3 Baruch Slavic, the Damascus document, and the vision of Daniel 7:9-14. This book tells about the history and the fate of these Ante-diluvium giants and their fathers, the watchers called Grigori in Slavonic 2 Enoch, the sons of God or saints of Daniel 4:13, 17 who rebelled against heaven when a forbidden violation of the strict "borders of creation" - they are United in their lust with the daughters of men.
They are even more corrupt offspring, the giants, were different names after that, Nephilim, gibborim, or giants, being of the earth blood of the races that fought against God and his righteous followers, whose numbers diminished as the world was filled with corruption and evil, Manichaean fragments give these wicked common name demons Greek Enoch calls them bastards. Although the conditions for observers and their offspring are often confused them different translations and iterations that together these rebellious race called "the fallen angels" in apocryphal sources, as well as in the biblical narratives that refer to them.
1. Ancient Jewish tradition. (Древняя еврейская традиция)
As to the second half of the twentieth century, the book of giants has long been known as middle Iranian work that some researchers now believe, was originally written in Eastern Aramaic language, which is common among the Manichaeans in part attributed to Mani S. Ad-216 – 274 - a Parthian citizen southern Mesopotamia, which, it seems, was a follower of Elkesai, the Jewish-Christian prophet and seer who lived in the early second century. Some scientists disagree with supporting evidence for the ancient sects of geographical distribution, due both genetic and ritual-customary similarities between the earlier Elcesaites, and Second Temple Jewish sect, the Essenes saints Essaioi.
In the twentieth century a number of findings shed considerable light on the literary evidence for the book of giants. Edition 1943 B. V. Henning from the Manichaean fragments from the book of giants found in Turfan in Western China in Xinjiang province is substantiated by many references to its distribution and use among the Manichaeans. Further definition of the Manichaean book of giants was discovered in 1971, when Joseph T. Milik discovered a few additional Enochic Aramaic fragments among the Dead sea scrolls, he surprised the scientific world after the announcement that portions of the bore close resemblance to the Manis book of giants, then add to the surprise of his faith, too, that the giants were originally an integral part of 1 Enoch itself. These fragmentary scrolls in Aramaic, which represents the Enochic tradition, which was probably introduced to Mani in his stay with Ecesaites, it seemed, was the main source used Mani in the preparation of his book, in which he made legend of the Guardians and the giants "the cornerstone of his theological speculation." And for many scientists, the fragments from Qumran have confirmed the book of giants was originally an independent composition from the Second Temple period.
Among the fragments discovered at Qumran, ten manuscripts of the book of giants identifitseerida Stuckenbruck. These fragments 1Q23, p. 114. But whatever the reality, one thing remains certain: books Qumran and their fragments are now the oldest known Enochic manuscripts in existence.
2. The contents of the book of giants in the Dead sea scrolls. (Содержание книги гигантов в свитках Мертвого моря)
The book of giants consists of the grouping of the fragments of the Aramaic, which were found in the Qumran in 1948. Due to the fragmentation of the book, it was difficult to document linguistic researchers and specialists to know in the subsequent a variety of permutations, the exact order of the content. The giants work is closely related to 1 Enoch counterpart, which also tells the story of the giants, but its much more complex. The Qumran book of giants also has a similarity with Manichaean book of giants who came after him. Scientists, despite their many issues Enochic tradition, oral or written transmission, still do not know why the Qumran community believed Enochic texts are so important that they had kept as many copies in comparison with other textual traditions found there.
The book of giants is an extensive narrative of the biblical story of the birth of giants in Genesis 6.1-4. In this story, the giants were born when the sons of the caretaker of God (which, according to history confirming anniversaries account. Evidence of such an extreme crime is found in Leviticus 17:10-16, characterized by strict rules laid out regarding the blood of animals, and all living creatures, verses 10 and 11 warn" I will set My face against the Israelites and foreigners living among them who eats blood, and will cut off from their people. For the life of a creature is in the blood”.
3. Fallen Angels among men: Genesis of evil. (Падшие Ангелы среди мужчин: Генезис зла)
The Qumran texts, which constitute the so-called Book of giants, apparently, for different denominations, a more complete picture of the origins of evil than is possible, and is a truncated analog - the biblical story of Eden is able to give. The story of Genesis we read today, is known to have been heavily modified ancient Deuteronomist scribes and historians and others in accordance with their own religious and political purposes and therefore does not represent its original form regardless of its original message. And although the book of giants can not, by any means, to cure this violation, he starts to answer questions, fill in the gaps and more clearly, it is possible that it was originally intended.
The Qumran fragments that began found in 1948, to relate how a small group of giants are the offspring of the fallen angels, called observers – including Ohyah and Hahyah alternately, ohya and Hahya, who both were sons of Shemihazah, the leader of the Guardians, and Mahway, giant son of the guardian Baraqel, experience dreams that provide the biblical flood, the angels moved out of sight of Enoch". Then, after more than three hundred years of living among the "Holy people" Moses 7:18, 68-69, when the Patriarch-warrior-king suddenly "was not, because God took him" Gen. 5:24 see Reeves, p. 77, Archangel Raphael-Metatron sent Shemihazah warning Message that brought complete fulfillment to the heavens former the decree: "a Saint is about to destroy his world and bring upon it a flood."
Archangel Uriel, beyond its role of instructing Enoch among the stars, directs Noah to prepare his escape from the flood, and occupies a prominent place in the final of the world in the end times, who will deal with the Son of man to understand as predicted in tohow the book of dreams and Apocalypse of weeks. The other two archangels Raguel and Phanuel is sometimes confused with the Archangel name-corruption Remiel > Eremiel > Jeremiel, also referred to in the Enochic material. In respect of the Archangel Sariel, the name is sometimes given in Qumranic texts, taking the place of Uriel or Phanuel, is the Manichean tradition, based on the book of giants, which maintains that Archangel name more accurately than the Greek and Ethiopian traditions.
The Qumran book of giants, as his Manichean counterpart, branches the names of the Sumerian hero Gilgamesh and the monster Humbaba with the observers and the giants.
4. Disputes between the Qumran and Turfan. (Споры между Кумранской и Турфан)
Although we can glean a lot of information from fragments of the Dead sea scrolls of the narrative, there are still many unknowns and problems that scholars much debate. It is clear that the authorship of the Qumran book of giants is still a question among scientists. Some initially believed that the manuscript, despite so many extant copies from the Qumran Enochic total work was not much used among the desert cultists, but more recent research says: "We know that the Qumran Essenes copied, studied and appreciated the writings and teachings attributed to Enoch," VanderKam, 2008 / 1995, p. 143. The finds of Qumran strongly ruled out any possibility that the Manichaeans were the composers of the book of giants, for their work later.
However, the historical transmission of 1 Enoch suggests that the text should fall to unknown authors, or tend to think that it was the text of the pseudepigraphon. For some scholars, this can be because such texts always have doubt on the originality and the legitimacy of the book. But considering eleven Enochic manuscripts discovered at Qumran that contain one or several different Enochic booklets is known, is - total "higher than most of the books that became part of the Hebrew Bible or the old Testament," and citing "the cost and labor involved in the production of the manuscript in antiquity" is an excessive number representing Enochic stocks "says a lot about the value of" such writings VanderKam, 2008 / 1995, p. 184.
As far as the comparisons that can be made with canonical texts, the books of Daniel and 1 Enoch both have similarities I will give only one of many possible Parallels to their fantastic elements: taking the vision of Daniel and of Enoch, or even the giants Ohyah, Hahyah, and Mahway. Indeed, Stuckenbruck says that "these similarities. to allow for the possibility that the author of Daniel 7 knew early Enochic traditions well enough to draw and then adapt them for their own purposes. This is clearly seen on the throne-Theophany itself," p. 119. Biblical and apocryphal to say about the King of Heaven sitting on his throne, and the Aramaic text of the A12 and other relevant items. However, the texts differ in this, at the expense of the giants, and God comes down from heaven.
Few of these textual variants in another book of giants version, in addition, raise many other points, the debate continues among scholars and experts. Although all are said to derive in some measure from the same script, they are, ultimately, very different in its content, especially in the way that the Manichaean and Aramaic versions are different - even from the later Jewish Midrash retelling - in the elements of the giants dreams or visions.
Giant Ohyahs sleep, for example, he apparently sees a large inscribed stone image of the Book of Life and / or cosmic Covenant that covers the whole earth" like a table." In the Midrash, the retelling, the Great angel comes down, but in the Qumranic version, the Lord of heaven himself comes down with a knife to clean and erase all of his characters-lines, except for one at the end of which only four words are the names of Noah and his three sons.
J. T. Milik believed, the book of giants was originally part of the Enochic works, the five-section Enochic Pentateuch, as it is sometimes called, including the book of numbers, astronomical book of dreams, Epistle of Enoch with its Apocalypse of weeks Milik believes that the Qumran giants were replaced by Ethiopian 1 enkov Proverbs or parables section.
All of these Enochic writings would have had value since the beginning of the first century. Indeed, the early Christian Church took care of Enoch and kept it canonical. However, during the Christian era after the apostles, the collection was changed and a part of his narrative the giants, thought to replace the book of Proverbs. To a large extent the influence of the Alexandrian philosophers, which is vile - its content, according to many of the Hellenistic era, to be silly or strange - General Enochic works quickly ran away ideas held by both Christian and Jewish physicians who are cursed forever, like a spoiled product of the Essenes of Qumran. The book was soon banned such Orthodox authorities as Hilary, Jerome and Augustine in the fourth century, and it gradually went out of circulation, at last, lost the knowledge of Western Christianity - there are only various fragments. A few copies left of the Enoch literature, if indeed they can be found, thus, due, I think, to the Christian doctors struggle and their partial replacement with the book of Proverbs.
5. The book is about the relationship of Moses. (Книга о взаимоотношениях Моисея)
The name of the giant Mahway - messenger picture of the Qumran giants, shards, fallen angels Assembly, bound by the confidentiality oath under pain of death, for protection from Enochs interpretation of the sons of disturbing visions - is consistent with very similar spellings, appointed by the same Mahway history-figure as he appears in the Enochic account in the book of Moses canonical work of the Church of Jesus Christ of latter-day Saints. The Church teaches that this account is composed of two short chapters in the big story of the ascent of Moses, was transferred to a 25-year-old Prophet Joseph Smith in 1830-31 and later published in 1851.
That the execution of the Enochic story, the spelling of the name Mahway character who wants to find Enoch appears as the Mahijah in Moses 6:40. Maretskii the Hebrew text the name MHWY, is written in the transliteration of the Aramaic form in the Qumran book of giants, is the semi-vowels W and y, which seem very similar to the Aramaic alphabet do not know, just the scribes. The reason is, because the name as written actually corresponds with the MHWY-El-the name the scientists of this mosaic tradition of Enoch to argue that the same name.
Similarly, it appears to the Smiths again not as a place-name Mahujah was previously thought, but rather as another iteration of personal Mahway name because the verse-the use of the second person plural "you" indicates that Mahijah was with Enoch, when God directs them to turn aside to pray on the mount Simeon Moses 7:2 indeed, examination of the original manuscript confirms this, for it is written: "as I traveled the road and stood in the place Mahujah and I cried unto the Lord. A voice came from heaven, saying - turn ye, and you go up to the mountain" italic, subsequent transcriptions by scribes gave the false impression that Mahujah place-name, not what it was: simply an alternate spelling of the personal name Mahijah. Prayer in this context, we can assume that Mahway who remembers his dreams of the prophets a loving appeal to them could be one of tohow proselytes, perhaps even a citizen of his later mountain-town shelter. Tohow grandfather, wore the same name MHWY - Mahalaleel means God, Genesis 5:12-17. MHWY-El of transliteration in the king James Bible as Mehuja-El, which name also appears in the Greek Septuagint as MAI-El and in the Latin Vulgate as mavias of-El.
Mehujaels grandson, the evil of Lamech, and other Cainites, as it is in the practice of their predecessors, "entered into a Covenant with Satan, like Cain," where they vow mimicking giants and numbers, to keep each other "swear to me on your throat, and if you didnt say that youre going to die," Moses 5:29, 49, 52, 55, similar to 1 Enoch 6:5 where "all swore together and bound to each other with a curse." Lamech, who reveals his ekzogennye wives "secrets of the lean League," Moses 5:44, 47-55, 1 Enoch 8:3 and kills his grandfather Baraqel / Virōgdād / Irad when this "prominent member of the secret combination, p. 262-276, which involves, in the Ancient work called Exagōgē as Moses, the prophet and the king ascension to the throne of the gods, meets Archangel Raguel - it is believed that the prophets heavenly double).
Another striking similarity between the stories of the apocalyptic 1 Enoch literature and the book of Moses is the consistent use of a kind of the title "Son of man", referring to the great figure of the court, referred to by the likes of the Ethiopian account. The identity of this figure, which existed before the creation, in the sanctuary of the heavenly temple," named in the presence of the Lord of spirits", was "hidden", but according to the prophecy of 1 Enoch will be revealed at the end of the day. In one brief Enochic excerpts from two chapters in the book of Moses, the son of man reference is used no less than eight times Moses 6:57, 7:24, 47, 54-56, 59, 65. Other names common to this one figure, the referent is in 1 Enoch and the book of Moses account of the chosen Mos 7:39, the Anointed, i.e. the Messiah, see Mos 7:53 and righteous.
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