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Roman Baths, Strand Lane
                                     

★ Roman Baths, Strand Lane

Strand lane bath, 5 strand lane, London WC2R 2NA, already known since 1830, to be a Roman survival. They really are the rest of the tank, built in 1612 to feed the fountain in the garden of Old Somerset house, the Royal place. After a long period of neglect and decline, after the demolition of the fountain, they were returned to operation in 1770-ies as a public cold bath, attached to no street 33 Surrey. The idea that they were Roman, probably began some fifty years later, as a publicity stunt, and caused enthusiasm and skepticism still.

Bani’ real fascination lies in the changing personality, for their subsistence, from the utilitarian infrastructure publicly defended the monument, and from the reservoir to the cold bath Roman relics. But even if they are not novel, the fact that many people passionately wanted, that they were now a real part of their history, as their actual origin.

                                     

1. Actual dimensions and layout. (Фактические размеры и планировка)

Bath building now consists of two elements: the camera the right bath and a long and narrow corridor running alongside it, with steps up to doors in strand-lane. In the bathroom the house is for the whole brick and / or stone arch, and measures 6.8 x 3.9 x 4M, it contains a bath 4.8 x 2.1 x 1.3 m, with one square and one rounded end and, in the Eastern part, the settler, built in 1920. Hallway 9.1 m wide long x 1.9 m wide, and is a half-vault 2.8 m at the bottom and 3.5 m at its highest point. Access from the corridor into the chamber of the bath with the opening level with the middle of the bath, sunroof, just inside the entrance from strand lane. The floor of the corridor is 1.2 m below the level of the lane, bath chamber and a further 0.4 m below. The bath is made of shallow, widely Tudor brick, with an area of 235 / 240 x 115 / 120 x 40 / 47mm Museum of London fabric 3033, with sides 400 / 480 mm up to a thickness of two bricks in width and the floor of the same materials, broken and patched to the Western part of the region was settled from the figure of the bricks of post-1750 date. Brick / stone work on the walls and vaults was not dated, but probably belongs to the eighteenth century.

There are clear indications that these surviving elements were once part of a large complex, which will be explained below: there are blocked doorways at the ends of the bath chamber and the entrance corridor, and the third at the southern wall of the corridor, right at the entrance of strand lane. Traces of the old decorative schemes remain in blue and white Dutch’ tiles on corridor walls and the door and Hatch surrounds in stone and marble slab is now resting on the sump also damaged in the wall-plaque detection bath almost 2000 years old and a relic of the days of Titus and Vespasian’.

                                     

2. Water. (Воды)

The source of water coming into the bath has never been established properly, and may change over time. In the mid-nineteenth century, it is passed through a hole in the floor, where patching of the brickwork can still be seen. In the early 1920s he enrolled in the northeast corner, but can also be seen through the adjacent sides of the bath. From mid-1920-ies he went through the sump in the East end. Deliveries were interrupted several times in the twentieth century, for example, in the 1940-ies, when the bath was abandoned and blocked by debris, and again in the 1970-ies thanks to construction work on the street in Surrey. To say in the nineteenth and twentieth century sources of Holy well street, Holywell, Holy spring of St. Clement, or underground streams flowing down from the Highgate and Hampstead is speculative and unfounded. When tested in 1981, samples were found the main characteristics of groundwater, but with a high content of nitrates and phosphates.’

                                     

3.1. History. Fontana Anne of Denmark and her tank. (Фонтан Анна датская и ее танк)

In 1609-1613 James I had the first version of the old Somerset house generously expanded and updated for his Queen, Ann. The conversion involves a reorganization of the gardens and the building of a huge grotto-fountain, showing the Muses and Pegasus on Helicon MT, developed an ingenious French engineer, Solomon de caus. Contemporary documents establish that cistern to supply the fountain was on the coast of Maina and is fed to the pump from the Foundation of the Somerset house. Another proof from the beginning of the XVIII century, where to buy a neglected pond-house, where now there is no street 33 Surrey and close to the old watch House. Thus, it is clear that the strand lane bath is exactly where the pond house is a testimony was. Expert the Dating of the masonry of the bath in the range of 1550-1650 then leaves it in the vast majority of cases it is likely that bath is actually part of the structure of the tank. Which part is more mysterious: the complete structure will be much bigger and taller than what now survives in order to properly power the fountain. It may well be that the surviving fabric was part of the support for water tank, note the very thick sides, not water-holder himself.



                                     

3.2. History. Georgian cold baths. (Грузинские холодные ванны)

Redevelopment the remains of the abandoned structure tank in a cold bath, appears to have been the work of Mr. James Smith, who moved to no street 33 Surrey in the middle of the 1770-ies. In November 1776, he signaled the opening of the cold bath in the house No. 33 Surry-street, strand. for the reception of ladies and gentlemen, is supplied with water from a spring that constantly runs through it.’ Two years later, it expanded its offer by adding a second, recently built a sauna next to the first, lined with marble and surrounded by a stone floor and faience on the walls. This so-called Essex bath’ which still survives, minus its skin, under the floor of the rear basement of the hotel. Extension blacksmiths also required the provision of two entrances to the complex: for women on the street and Surrey for the men in strand-lane.

Smith himself died in 1782, but his baths, still attached to No. 33 Surrey street, continued to work in the configuration he gave them for over a century. Their early history was colorful, largely due to the very mixed character of the surrounding area. The newspaper report of 1777 was a would-be stowaway, pursues his evil taxi driver, trying to hide in the bathroom, falling, and having to be rescued from drowning. Other, in 1797, tells of a gang of fraudsters operating from another house on the street Surrey, escaping through the tub when raided by police officers from bow street light infantry’. Most spectacularly of all, a parliamentarian and collector of ancient sculptures, William Weddell, died of a stroke in the bath on a hot day in the spring of 1792 although it is not clear whether this was in a novel or Essex bath that it happened.

                                     

3.3. History. Becoming Roman. (Став Роман)

As time went on, with various changes of ownership patterns, mechanisms of change in some important respects. The complex came to be started not of 33 Surrey Street, but of the 5 Strand lane, which at that time was already demolished a house on Essex bath, not present 5 - and swimming came to be confined to the newest and best appointed two pools, with the other used as a reservoir to feed him, and for domestic purposes. It seems also that the bath begins to lose its appeal for potential patrons and this was probably responsible for turning it in a supposedly Roman relic. In any case, it is in 1838, without any prior warning that the creation suddenly appears in the trade directory, like the old Roman baths under the property of Mr. Charles Scott. For a little more than ten years, the history of the Roman origin have been adopted and published in two highly influential publications: vol. The second historic guidebook, Charles knight, London, 1842, and emergencies. 35 and 36 Charles Dickens David Copperfield. From there and particularly from the knight, he found his way in a huge selection of guidebooks, popular rare letters, journals, and Newspapers, in such a way that, although skeptics have been periodically raised, he became the Orthodoxy for the rest of the nineteenth century and the twentieth.

Swimming continues In the new two pools but they went out of antiquarian curiosity, in search of the supposedly surviving from the time of Ancient Rome in its romantic out of the way corner of bustling strand, with the additional attraction of being able to see where Copperfield, and probably its Creator, Dickens also bathed. The appearance of the bath in 1841 can be seen in an engraving accompanying the knights head, and watercolor, from which it was made, now in the British Museum, its setting in the 1880-ies is a picture in the "watch and learn" Historical library and prints in Percy Fitzgeralds scenic London.

                                     

3.4. History. Henry Chapter and 1893. (Генри Главы и 1893)

In 1893, the entire complex was to buy one of the few remaining users, new Oxford street Draper, Henry Chapter. Then the head has started to sell new, Essex’ bath, along with the building for his old 5 strand lane, the owners of Norfolk, which then extends posteriorly from Surrey street to the alley. At the same time, the head of reconstruction of old pools for swimming on the transfer stone flooring, marble cladding and wall tiles, its now written off the neighbors, along with some new sections, changed the tents and decorative sculpture. Results, almost completely hiding the old brickwork, you can see in the photos is now in the London Metropolitan archive and look and learn history picture library. It was part of the same process that the doorway from the hallway into the bath, originally located near the entrance in the strand, was relocated halfway down the corridor and to replace the real Luke.

A copy of the information leaflet issued to advertise the restored baths Roman relics and the last of the Central London traditional cold baths, can be found in the Westminster archives. The head, followed by his son Nolan and his daughters Blanche and Florence, continued to work in the institution, the combined subscribers of the club and attract visitors for several decades, until in 1922, as part of a wider restructuring of the family business, Blanche offered it for sale.



                                     

3.5. History. William Pennington Bickford. (Уильям Бикфорд Пеннингтон)

In the bathroom was bought for £500, rector of St. Clement Danes, the Reverend William Pennington Bickford, who along with their allies, the journalist and historical writer Edward Foord and artist Fortunino Matania, was the last of the great believers in his Roman origin. Trying to get back to the real novel fabric, it all the head decor separately from the leaves took some of them still there on the top of the tank and wanted to restore the bath to its original glory – ironically, again covering it in marble and stucco, this time something right. The vision is stored in the Matania drawing for the magazine sector, of which the original is now in the iconographic collections of the Wellcome library. Ambitions Bickfords Pennington was for bath to become one of Londons most attractive historic monuments, and in order to bring culture and much needed funds for St Clement Danes and her arrival. Edward Foord, in turn, produced a series of pamphlets and newspaper articles claiming with certainty for baths Roman credentials and offering a speculative reconstruction of its history, design and development.

                                     

3.6. History. From that fuse Pennington national trust. (От этого предохранителя Пеннингтон народного доверия)

Pennington Bickfords plans were not realized because of the media, and when he and his wife died in 1941, the bath was bequeathed to the patron St. Clement Danes, Lord Exeter, along with what they hoped would be the means of ensuring its preservation as a historical monument. Complications over Mrs. Pennington Bickfords, however, combined with the shortages of the war years, meant that it was only in late 1944, began the negotiations between Westminster Council, the Ministry of construction, the London County Council the LCC and the national Foundation to take on the Now abandoned bath in public or charitable ownership. In the end, the trust agreed to take it on, provided that someone else came up with the purchase price and undertook day to day maintenance. The London County Council agreed to repair and the money has been allocated to one of the lovers, the forest magnate Montague L. Meyer. The trust formally took possession of the bath in November 1947, and after the necessary repairs and finishing, opened them to the public in June 1951.

As part of the same process, the management of the LCC architects conducted a historical investigation into the origin of Bani, largely under the leadership of John. F. Collins section of the historic building. Collins took the data from a wide range of sources, including surviving daughter of the last owner to Henry Chapter, now an elderly and cantankerous historical writer Edward Foord, and, most importantly of all astute analysis of Roman history, composed in 1906, an anonymous predecessor to the LCC. The conclusion of the investigation was that the tub was almost certainly not a novel, but worth preserving as a historical curiosity of the place of Roman origin in connection with Arundel house of Thomas Howard, collector of the Arundel marbles, had previously offered. These conclusions were written in a new information leaflet for the bath, the LCC published to coincide with its opening to the public in 1951, and still can be seen on the notice Board outside the bath in strand lane. Only now they can be replaced.

                                     

3.7. History. Current status and future prospects. (Текущее состояние и будущие перспективы)

Sixty-five years later, in the bath once more languishes in relative neglect. He was recently updated, but still difficult to navigate. A call to the number on the Bulletin Board outside if youre lucky to get an appointment to visit, it can be seen annually on the weekend, or weekly within Somerset house tour old palaces. Otherwise, it can be seen, dimly, through the window in strand lane, but Windows are often misted and timers often for interior lights went out. The other part of the larger eighteenth and nineteenth century layout still survive in the buildings currently owned by the Royal College in London, Essex’ bath tub in the Norfolk hotel basement, 33 Surrey street, and his basement, although the plan to sell this part of kings campus was shelved and prospects for his recovery remain uncertain. A recent project sponsored by the cultural Institute at kings pointed out some interesting ways in which digital resources can be used to study the history of the baths and to make it available to virtual visitors, but not enough funding.

                                     

4. Bibliography. (Библиография)

  • H. M. Colvin ed., History of works by king, Tom. 4, London, hmso, 1982.
  • Michael Trapp, Denmark house Helicon: iconography and surviving traces, studies in the history of gardens and designed landscapes volume. 32, 2012, pp. 241-57.
  • K. Hayward, construction materials report – thread lane, a Roman bath: the results of sampling and analysis of samples of building materials from tubs and related structures, London borough of Westminster, to pre-build the archeology report no. R11125, November 2011.
  • Michael Trapp, "a fine sample Neronian masonry" in Victorian London: as the strand lane is a cold bath was a novel International journal of the classical tradition, December 2016 – open access.
  • Michael Trapp, the story of the Georgian strand lane Roman bath, the London magazine volume. 39, 2014, pp. 142-67.
  • Roy C. Strong, in the garden of the Renaissance in England, London: Thames & Hudson, 1979, ISBN 9780500272145.
  • Luke Morgan, nature as model: Salomon de caus and early seventeenth-century landscape design, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania press, 2007, ISBN 978-0-8122-3963-8.


                                     
  • of Isca Augusta at Caerleon, Wales Roman Baths Strand Lane a cold spring bath near London, reputedly of Roman origin Thermae Bath Spa, a historic spa
  • headquarters for the International Institute for Strategic Studies. The Roman Baths Strand Lane were situated within the grounds, and remain in the ownership of
  • Formal excavations continue at Pompeii. 1774: Discovery of reputed Roman Baths Strand Lane London. 1774: Don Bernardo Miera y Pacheco identifies the Chaco
  • part of the Strand Campus of King s College. The vaults along the back of the building are those containing the old Roman Baths on Strand Lane In 1989
  • vaults at the rear of the Surrey Street buildings house the old Roman Baths on Strand Lane The work of the department is rated highly in various rankings
  • Park Osterley Park Petts Wood Hawkwood Red House Rainham Hall Roman Baths Strand Lane Selsdon Wood Sutton House Watermeads Formby Speke Hall 20 Forthlin
  • Victorian buildings such as the town hall and the municipal baths To the north lies the New Strand Shopping Centre, which gained notoriety after the abduction
  • The King s Building is a Grade I listed building that forms part of the Strand Campus of King s College London in the United Kingdom. Originally named
  • and other Offices, on the North side by houses in the Strand on the East side by Strand Lane and on the South side by the River Thames, except such
  • Georgian Livery company hall. Centennium House in Lower Thames Street has Roman baths within its basement foundations. Within the Ward remain two churches:
  • Chiswick and Brentford Urban Districts in Middlesex. By 1900, all six strands of the brook and drainage dykes had been covered over and formed the most
                                     
  • gothic former Public Record Office building situated on Chancery Lane at the Strand Campus. The building was designed by Sir James Pennethorne and is
  • west to east, below: Routes to Westminster and the Roman road network Ludgate Fleet Street and the Strand Newgate High Holborn and Oxford Street, with access
  • Essex. The Grade II Listed Ironmonger Row Baths were built as a public wash house in 1931. Turkish baths were added in 1938. The civil parish became
  • Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Αύγουστος, romanized Kōnstantinos ho Augoustos 27 February c. AD 272 22 May AD 337 also known as Constantine I, was a Roman Emperor who ruled
  • uk arts - entertainment architecture roman - eagle - rises - again - in - london - after - 2000 - years - 8911721.html Billingsgate Roman House Baths City of London. Retrieved
  • King s College London Business King s College London UCL rivalry Roman Baths Strand Lane Third - oldest university in England debate Queen Elizabeth College
  • Ullet Road the Roman Catholic St Clare s Church, Arundel Avenue Ullet Road Unitarian Church the Anglican Christ Church, Linnet Lane Certain churches
  • leases it to Barnstaple Town Council, and now trades as The Cafe on the Strand The building is situated at the bottom of Cross Street on the bank of the
  • King s College London Business King s College London UCL rivalry Roman Baths Strand Lane Third - oldest university in England debate Queen Elizabeth College
  • Anglo - Saxon town that had grown up in the area of the Strand a mile to the west of the old Roman city of Londinium neither description matches the location
  • took place in the 1950s. In 1952, police broke up a series of races in the Strand between King s and UCL students dressed as camels and a cow. More daringly
                                     
  • Pavilion or Morecambe Winter Gardens. This was once a venue for swimming baths a grand theatre, a restaurant and a ballroom. Morecambe s current library
  • agricultural land. North east of the River Werre and Salze Bega runs a strand of the Lipper highlands runs through the largely wooded hills with elevations
  • King s College London Business King s College London UCL rivalry Roman Baths Strand Lane Third - oldest university in England debate Queen Elizabeth College
  • their names surviving the passage of time: Green Lane Whitehorse Lane Colliers Water Lane and Bensham Lane A hoard of Saxon, Frankish and oriental coins
  • specialist shopping centre in a listed building, which formerly included public baths situated next to the Harris Museum. Preston s main high streets are Fishergate
  • Sculpture, Roman Room 83 Roman Sculpture Room 84 Towneley Roman Sculptures Main Staircase Discobolus, Roman Main Staircase Townley Caryatid, Roman 140 160
  • lido - would have introduced many to swimming in an era when many public baths like that at Shacklewell were still simply communal washing facilities
  • minutes walk north of St Paul s Cathedral, overlooking the remains of the Roman city wall and on the edge of the oldest part of London, now its main financial

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